What’s in a Class?

2018-06-13T11:31:04+00:00 June 8th, 2018|Cabinetmaking, Carving|

“I think I’m going to have to drop out of the class. This is way over my head”. This is what two students in a carving class once told me after seeing what the project was for the week. Admittedly, I had vaguely titled the class “18th century carving”, finally deciding on a pretty fancy cartouche for the project. I talked them into staying, and everything worked out, but it prompts me into thinking about all the associated tools and techniques that accumulate and contribute to a successful class experience.
Classroom - Allan Breed School of Woodworking

In a recent carving class we covered the usual techniques one would expect: sharpening, tool use and choice and layout. With good instruction these are technical aspects of the work that can be mastered on a basic level fairly quickly. Yet even after mastering these things, good looking work really depends on the ability to guide the tools in long, fair and even curves. And since there are virtually no straight lines in carving, it turns out this is pretty important.
Student carving a shell at Allan Breed School of Woodworking

Unfortunately, good results here are not dependent on fun stuff like new software, buying more tools, or fancy jigs. It’s body position. Where are your hands, shoulders and fingers? How do you hold a tool to make a tight radius versus a more open one? A carving student recently dubbed the hand position for a curved cut “The Pivot”. Absolutely essential, but often ignored. Be the Pivot. Student making a ball and claw foot at Allan Breed School of Woodworking

Two other favorite subjects that one wouldn’t expect to be directly related to carving but come up in class all the time are scrapers and carbon paper.(or “carving paper” as I like to call it). The carving paper will tell you where those subtle facets are hiding if you lay it on a surface and rub it with cardboard. The scrapers can get rid of those facets if you’ve exhausted your ability to carve them out. It’s not cheating. Scrapers will do the last 5%, and quickly. Carving paper is also great for testing the fit in joinery, so I end up using it in pretty much every class, carving or otherwise. Skills don’t just live in one class, they often cross over. Student carving a flower at Allan Breed School of Woodworking

There are numerous other peripheral subjects that get covered in classes, if only for a minute or two. My shop is filled with patterns and samples of work. These generate lots of questions about measuring, drawing, finishing, wood selection, regional styles, traditional tools, joinery, turning and traditional methods of work. At one time I considered these distractions from the project at hand, but soon realized that any information that contributes to a general knowledge of the subject is a good thing. Six Legged Highboy - Legs

Then there’s the really intangible stuff, like learning to look and figure out if the work is good, and if not, what needs to be done to fix it. This skill can be taught and practiced and is probably the biggest determinant in a steady learning curve whether it’s shaping a cabriole leg or carving a flower. Another really important factor to overcome in any class is fear. Students worry whether they’ll be able to keep up with the class and do good work. I say this: “The difference between me and you is: I don’t care if I wreck it. I’ve made all the mistakes there are to be made, and I know how to fix them. So don’t worry about making perfect work. You are here to learn. If you wreck something, we will fix it!” Cabriole leg

That does relate to how I talked those two terrified students off the ledge in the cartouche class. At the end of the week they thanked me for convincing them to stay. All I had said was; “Trust me. I’ve taught a lot of students. You don’t think you can do this, but I KNOW you can.” It worked for them and I have used it since.

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How to Use Carving Tools

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Shells, Fans, Flowers and Finials

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